The Digital Resource Center for News Literacy promotes the use of the IM VA/IN technique when evaluating news.
Independent sources are better than self-interested sources
Multiple sources are better than single sources
Sources who Verify with evidence are better than sources who assert
Authoritative/Informed sources are better than uninformed ones
Named sources are better than unnamed sources
What is CRAAP?
The CRAAP Test is a way to evaluate (vet) your sources to make sure you are using the most accurate and up to date information for your research. The world is full of information, and it can overwhelm a researcher, using the CRAAP test to see if the information is rightly valuable is the mark of a good scholar.
Currency: the timeliness of the information
Relevance: the importance of the information for your needs
Authority: the source of the information
Accuracy: the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content, and
Purpose: the reason the information exists
"Paradoxically, too much information can contribute to our becoming less aware, especially if that information is narrow and biased" - Joseph Deitch, Elevate: An Essential Guide to Life
Bias (n.): an inclination of temperament or outlook; especially: a personal and sometimes unreasoned judgement: PREJUDICE [Source: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bias]
Every news story is affected by the thoughts, opinions, and background of the interviewer, reporter, photographer, and the editor! To understand the full story and not be swept up in bias or propaganda, it is important to recognize the different types of bias: