The Constitution guarantees the freedom of expression, but on the statutes are provisions which empower the central and state governments to ban and seize books on unconstitutional grounds and to even launch criminal proceedings.
The article discusses two Supreme Court cases on book banning in the U.S. education system. In Board of Education, Island Trees Union Free School District No. 26 v. Pico, the Supreme Court held that a school district is not allowed to ban a book from a library for reasons that the board disagrees with the ideas contained in the book. In Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier, the Supreme Court held that a school district can impose reasonable restrictions on content when dealing with a school publication.
Modernization theory is used to understand why conservative Protestants tend to be intolerant. We explain this tendency as a consequence of a religious worldview that privileges a sacred group and that exhibits a mistrust of the individual. Using a random sample of "Middletown" residents (N = 500), we tested the proposition that conservative Protestants are willing to ban controversial books from public libraries